PRE-INTERMEDIATE, UNIT 5


ADDITIONAL GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY EXERCISES



Verb Patterns
Like doing...
Will
Going to
Will / Going to
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W

Verb Patterns


Grammar

  • + (V + to + V)

    They want to buy a new car.
    I decided to go by taxi.

  • + ing- (V + V + ing)

    She enjoys playing tennis.
    I like cooking, but I don't like washing up.

  • + ing-

    It began to rain/raining.
    I started to learn/learning English two years ago.


Like doing & Would like to do
like doing would like to do

like doing (love doing) .

I like reading. .

would like to do (would love to do) - .

I would like to read. .

Would you like to dance?
Yes, I would./ Yes, I'd love to.

Would you like to come for a walk?
Yes, I would./ No, thank you.

. No, I wouldn't , .

.

Verb + ing
like
love
enjoy
finish
swimming
cooking
 
Verb + ing to + infinitive
begin
continue
start
raining / to rain
working / to work

Verb + to + infinitive
agree
choose
decide
expect
forget
help
hope
manage
promise
refuse
try
want
would like
would love
would prefer
to go
to work
 

. Help to:

He helped do the shopping.

have ,
to + infinitive.

I have to go now. Good-bye.


take + a + time + infinitive:

It takes twenty minutes to get here.

Used to ,
infinitive.

People used to think the earth was flat.


Verb + sb + to + infinitive
advise
ask
encourage
expect
help
invite
tell
want
somebody to go
to study
to come

Verb + sb infinitive
( to)
let
make
somebody go
arrive
 
Modal auxiliary verbs
( )
can
could
shall
should
might
must
will
would
go
arrive

Will

Form

Will + to

Will - . .


Positive and negative

I'll (will) come.
She won't help you.

Question

When will he (she, it, we, you, they) help me?

Short answer

Will you help me? ?
Yes, I will. , .

.
No, I won't , .
'I don't want to help you.' ( ).
'I'm afraid I can't.' (, ).


Use

1. - , .

'It's Jane's birthday.' .
'Is it? I'll buy her some flowers.' ? .

2. - -.

We'll do the washing-up. .


Going to

Form

am (is, are) + going + to + infinitive

Positive and negative

I'm (am) going to work.
I'm (am) not going to work.

She (he, it)'s going to work.
She (he, it) isn't going to work.

We (you, they)'re (are) going to work.
We (you, they)'re (are) not going to work.

Question

When am I going to arrive?
When is he (she, it) going to arrive?
When are you (we, they) going to arrive?

Short answer

'Are they going to get married?' -
'Yes, they are.' / 'No, they aren't.'

Use

1. - , , .

She isn't going to have a birthday party. .

.
Present Continuous , go come.

She's coming on Friday. .
I'm going home early tonight. .

2. , - .

Look at those clouds! It's going to rain.
. .
You work so hard. You're going to be rich and successful.
. .


Will or Going to?


will going to , .

I'm going to make pizza for dinner. .
( .)

What shall we cook for dinner? Er I know! I'll make pizza! That's a good idea!
? - ! ! !
( .)

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