PRE-INTERMEDIATE, UNIT 7


ADDITIONAL GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY EXERCISES



Present Perfect Simple
Present Perfect and Past Simple
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L

Present Perfect Simple

Grammar

have
has
+ verb + -ed
past participle
-

-ed. .

Positive and negative

I
We
You
They
've (have)
haven't
worked in a factory.
He
She
It
's (has)
hasn't

Question

Have I
we
you
they
been to the United States?
Has he
she
it

Short answer

"Have you been to Egypt?"
"Yes, I have." / "No, I haven't."

"Has she ever written poetry?"
"Yes, she has." / "No, she hasn't."

.
I've, they've, he's ..
.

: "Yes, i've", "Yes, we've"

: "Yes, i have", "Yes, we have"


Use

Present Perfect Simple , . Present Perfect Simple - . , .

I've met a lot of famous people.
( )
She's lived here all her life.
( , , , )

Present Perfect Simple:

  1. . - .

    I've travelled a lot in Africa.
    They've lived all over the world.

    ever (-) never ().

    Have you ever been in a car crash?
    My mother has never flown in a plane.

  2. , .

    I've known Alice for six years.
    How long have you worked as a teacher?

    for ( ) since ( ).

    We've lived here for two years.
    I've had a beard since I left the army.


    . :
    "Peter is a teacher. Peter is a teacher for ten years." Present Perfect Simple, . - "Peter has been a teacher for ten years."

    : Peter is a teacher for ten years.

    : Peter has been a teacher for ten years.


Present Perfect Simple & Past Simple

  • Present Perfect Past Simple .

    I've lived in Rome for six months. ( )
    I lived in London for a year. ( , )

    Sally's written several books. ( )
    Shakespeare wrote many plays. ( )

    He's worked in the bank for three years.
    He started working in the bank in 1989 (when he was 20, three years ago).

  • .

    Incorrect  I've broken my leg last year.
    Correct  I broke my leg last year.
    Incorrect  He works as a musician all his life.
    Correct  He has worked as a musician all his life.
    Incorrect  When have you been to Greece?
    Correct  When did you go to Greece?
    Inorrect  How long do you have your car?
    Correct  How long have you had your car?
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