PRE-INTERMEDIATE, UNIT 9


ADDITIONAL GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY EXERCISES



will
First Conditional
Time Clauses

Will

Grammar

Form

will + infinitive ( to)

Positive and negative

I
She
You
They
...
'll
won't
arrive next week.

Question

When will I
She
You
They
...
arrive?

Short answer

"Will you be here next week?"
"Yes, I will."

"Will the meal be expensive?"
"No, it won't."


Use

  1. , .

    I'll have a steak, please.
    I'll give you your book back tomorrow.

  2. .
    : " - ".

    Liverpool will win the cup.
    The Queen will open the new hospital next Thursday.


First Conditional

Form

if + Present simple, will + ( to)

Positive and negative

If I work hard, I

she has enough money, she

we don't hurry up, we
'll (will) pass my exams.

buy a new car.

be late.

If
you're late, I won't wait for you.

Question

What

Where
will you do

she go
if you don't go to university?

she can find the gob?

Short answer

"Will you go to university if you pass your exams?"
"Yes, I will. / No, I won't."

"If we look after the planet, will we survive?"
"Yes, we will." / "No, we won't."


, .

I'll pass my exams if I work hard.
If I work hard, I'll pass my exams.


Use

.

If my cheque comes, I'll buy us all a meal.
You'll get wet if you don't take an umbrella.
What'll happen to the environment if we don't look after it?


, .

IncorrectIf it will rain ...
If I'll work hard ...
CorrectIf it rain ...
If I work hard ...

Time clauses

Form

+ Present Simple, will + infinitive ( to)

, (when, as soon as, after, before, until), will. , (Present Simple), will.

When our guests arrive, we'll eat.
As soon as I have some news, I'll phone you.
I'll do my work after I have (or have had) a bath.
I'll speak to you again before I leave.
We'll stay here until the rain stops.


If , - ; when , , , .

If I find your book, I'll send it to you.
When I get home, I'll have a bath.


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