PRE-INTERMEDIATE, UNIT 14


ADDITIONAL GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY EXERCISES



Past Perfect
Reported Statements
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M

Past Perfect

Grammar

Form

had + + -ed

, -ed. , .

Positive and negative

I
He
She
It
We
You
They
'd (had)
hadn't
arrived before 10.00.

Question

Had I
he
she
it
we
you
they
left?

Short answer

"Had the play already started when you arrived?"
"Yes, it had."/"No, it hadn't."

Use

Past Perfect - , - .

When I got home, John had already cleaned the house and cooked a meal.

Past Perfect Past Simple .

When I got home, John cooked a meal.
(First I got home, then John cooked.)
When I got home, John had cooked a meal.
(John cooked a meal before I got home.)

Reported Statements

, " ".

Present >> Past

"I love you" >> He said he loved me.
"I'm going out now" >> Ann said she was going out.


Present Perfect >> Past Perfect

"We've met before." >> She said they'd met before.


Past Simple >> Past Perfect

"We met in 1987." >> He said they'd met in 1987.


Will >> would

"I'll mend it for you." >> She said that she would mend it for me.


Can >> could

"I can swim." >> She said she could swim.


" ".


Present >> Past

"Do you like school?" >> He asked me if I liked school.


Present Perfect >> Past Perfect

"Have you met my wife?" >> He asked if I had met his wife.


. do/does/did.

I am going home. He asked me where I was going.
She lives in Rome. I asked her where she lived.


<< >>
Unit 1

Unit 2
Unit 3

Unit 4
Unit 5

Unit 6
Unit 7

Unit 8
Unit 9

Unit 10
Unit 11

Unit 12
Unit 13

Unit 14

"Past Perfect Reported Statements"



BKC-ih
!