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Climate of Ukraine

The climate of Ukraine is determined by its geographical location. Ukraine's territory lies in the temperate belt. In general the country's climate is continental, being subtropical only on the southern coast of the Crimea. The differences in climate are caused by many factors: the latitude, relief, altitude and proximity to seas and oceans.

A characteristic feature of the climate is an increase in its continental nature from west to east. Another feature of Ukraine's climate is the considerable fluctuation in weather conditions from year to year. Alongside very wet years there can be droughts, whose effect increases to the south and east.

There are frequent oscillations in weather in the regions of the Crimean and Carpathian Mountains. On the southern coast of the Crimea the climate is subtropical Mediterranean, inasmuch as the Crimean Mountains obstruct the movement of cold Arctic air to the coast.

These climatic features have contributed to the creation of one of the best resort areas in Ukraine. Winter is rather cold in Ukraine. There is much snow in the northern and western parts of the country. The average temperature in January is 7-8 degrees below zero. It often rains in the Carpathian Mountains. In the south and east the weather is dry especially in summer.

The average yearly temperature in Ukraine varies between +5.5...+7 C in the north and +11...+13C in the south. In Zaporozhye region the climate is close to continental. We have hot summers and cool winters without heavy snowfalls and frosts. In spring and autumn the climate is moderate.

They say the climate in Ukraine, like anywhere else, is getting milder and milder each year. This trend results from many factors, global warming being one.

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