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Moscow is the capital of Russia. It was not always the capital. In ancient times the capitals of Russ were also Kiev and Novgorod. After Peter the Great built Saint-Petersberg it was the Russian capital. And in the XX century during the Civil war the first Soviet government moved to Moscow.

Moscow is one of the biggest and most beautiful cities of the world. It is as well a great cultural and political centre of Europe. Moscow was founded in 1147 by Yuri Dolgoruky. The total area of the city is more than nine hundred square kilometres. They call Moscow a port of five seas, as in Moscow ports you can see boats coming from the Baltic, the White, the Caspian and the Black seas and the sea of Azov.

Moscow is an industrial centre too. A lot of manufacturing plants are situated there. One of the best known is the Likhachev Automobile Plant that produces a great number of different lorries and cars.

Cultural life is very busy in Moscow. There are a lot of theatres, museums, cinemas and libraries in Moscow. Tretyakov Art Gallery and Pushkin Fine Arts Museum are the most famous among them. The Pushkin Museum is called the treasure-house of Russian art.

Young people like to visit the Central Military Museum. There are many tanks, guns and war documents there. There are a lot of splendid buildings, wide avenues, large squares, famous monuments and green forest parks in Moscow.

One of the tallest and original buildings in Moscow is Moscow State University. The university was founded in 1755 by the great chemist, poet and thinker Mikhail Lomonosov.

The Moscow transport system is well-developed. You can see a lot of cars, buses, trolley-buses and trams in the streets of the city. Electric trains bring millions of people to and from the suburbs and Moscow region's small towns.

There are nine railway stations in Moscow and four airports. Bus stations are numerous. Most of the people take metro to work and back home. The Moscow Metro opened on the 15th of May 1935. There were 13 stations at that time. Now there are 152. Our metro is beautiful and convenient.

Sport is very popular among Muscovites. There are a lot of stadiums in Moscow. The Central Stadium is in Luzhniki. Many football matches are held there, and the 22nd Summer Olympic Games were held in Moscow in 1980. By that year an Olympic village was built. There are a lot of training grounds and gyms near residential buildings. I live in Moscow and I am proud of this city.

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