PRE-INTERMEDIATE, UNIT 11


The Passive



The Passive
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I

Grammar

Form

Am/is/are
Was/were
Has/have been
Am/is/are being
+ verb + ed (past participle, 3rd form)

Past Participle ( 3- ) -ed (1-, , ) ( to). Past Participle .

  • Present Simple

    Positive and negative

    English is spoken all over the world.
    Renault cars are made in France.
    Coffee isn't grown in England.

    Question

    Where is rice grown?
    Are cars made in your country?


  • Past Simple

    Positive and negative

    My car was stolen last night.
    The thieves weren't seen by anyone.

    Question

    How was the window broken?


  • Present Perfect

    Positive and negative

    I've been robbed!
    Diet Coke has been made since 1982.
    The book hasn't been read yet.

    Question

    How many times have you been hurt playing football?


  • Present Continuous

    Positive and negative

    The test is being taken.
    They aren't being talked about at the moment.

    Question

    Are we being followed by?

    Short answer

    Are cars made in your country? - Yes, they are. / No, they aren't.
    Were the plants watered last night? - Yes, they were. / No, they weren't.
    Has my car been repaired? - Yes, it has. / No, it hasn't.

  1. , .

    Present Simple :

    My car is serviced regularly.

    Past Simple :

    America was discovered by Christopher Columbus.

    Present Perfect , .

    Diet Coke has been made since 1982.

    Present Continuous , ( ).

    The test is being taken now.

  2. (to be + Verb + ed) , .

    Driving should be banned in city centres.
    The house is going to be knocked down.

Use

  1. () () .

    : Shakespeare wrote Hamlet (object).
    : Hamlet (subject) was written by Shakespeare.

  2. . , .

    Hamlet was written in 1600.
    ( , "".)
    Shakespeare wrote comedies, histories, and tragedies.
    ( , .)


    , , give, ( ).
    She gave me a book for my birthday.
    , .
    I was given a book for my birthday.

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