Урок 5/7

Second Conditional

Second Conditional. Второе условное наклонение

Form
Форма

If + Past Simple, would + infinitive (без частицы to)

Would является модальным вспомогательным глаголом. Его форма одинакова для всех лиц.

Positive and negative
Утверждение и отрицание

If I had more money, I'd (would) buy a CD player.
If we lived in England, we'd (would) soon learn Russian.
If we didn't have so many debts, I wouldn't have to work so hard.

Question
Вопросы

What would you do if you had a year off?

Short answer
Краткие ответы

Would you travel round the world?
Yes, I would. / No, I wouldn't.

 

Замечания.

  1. Условная часть может стоять в начале или конце предложения.

    I'd help if I had more time.
    If I had more time, I'd help.

  2. Were часто используется вместо was в условных предложениях.

    If I were you, I'd go to bed.
    If he were cleverer, he'd know he was making a mistake.

Use
Употребление

Second Conditional используется для выражения нереальных или маловероятных условий и их следствий в настоящем или будущем. Условие нереальное, потому что оно противоречит известным фактам. Мы всегда может сказать "But…(но)".

If I were Prime Minister, I'd increase tax for rich people.
(But I'm not Prime Minister.)
If I lived in a big house, I'd have a party.
(But I live in a small house.)
What would you do if you saw a ghost?
(But I don't expect that you will see a ghost.)